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© 2006-2015 Andrew Cooke (site) / post authors (content).

LEPL Optimisation with URL Validation

From: andrew cooke <andrew@...>

Date: Sat, 1 May 2010 10:25:32 -0400

Here are some interesting optimisation results from the latest (unreleased,
wil be 4.2) LEPL.

I've been working on validator for URLs (RFC3696) and, due to a
misunderstanding in my test code, thought I was only validating around 5 URLs
a second(!)  So I started looking at optimisation, got sucked in, and never
really measured things right...  And, of course, it turns out that it was
already running much faster than I thought, but that the extra optimisations
helped anyway.

Those (the extra optimisations) being improved compilation to regular
expressions.  In particular: (1) compilation to Python's own (re library)
regexps is now supported; (2) arbitrary repeats are supported (before only 0,
1 or many repeats); (3) the rewriting system is "smarter", able to handle many
more corner cases.

The fastest setting can now validate 240 HTTP URLs in 0.21 seconds - that's
around 1ms per URL.

To give some idea of the efficiency of the rewriting, the basic parser, as
written by hand (in a style meant to be easy to read and maintain, not
efficient) has 984 "components" (where I am using a "component" to be one line
of text in when the parser is printed as a tree), and a maximum nesting depth
of over 20.  The rewritten parser has 25 components and a maximum nestigdepth
of 7.  In fact, I'll try pasting both below.

And here are some timing data (times are for 240 URLs (best of 10 attempts),
on my laptop, and are repeatable to around 0.01):

  1.17s - No compilation at all

  Single optimisations:
  1.02s - Removing trampolining where possible (10% speedup)
  0.48s - Compiling to LEPL's NFA regexps
  0.45s - Compiling to LEPL's DFA regexps
  0.23s - Compiling to Python's re regexps
  
  Multiple optimisations:
  0.56s - Default (LEPL's NFA regexps)
  0.21s - Default + Python's re regexps

The good news here is that the default setting gives over double the speed,
while using Python's re regexps gives an *additional* better-than-doubling
(Python's re regexp cannot handle streams of data, so cannot be used by
default, but in a case like this, where a URL is a single line, it adds no
problems).

The disturbing news is that the default setting is actually slower than using
.config.clear().compile_to_nfa() (ie, just compiling to NFA regexps, and doing
nothing else).  I do not (yet) understand this.

Anyway, a URL per ms is not to be sneezed at! :o)

Andrew

PS Here's the optimal version:

TrampolineWrapper<FullFirstMatch:<>>
 +- SequenceWrapper<AndNoTrampoline:<>>
 |   +- SequenceWrapper<AndNoTrampoline:<add>>
 |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   `- 'http://'
 |   |   +- SequenceWrapper<AndNoTrampoline:<add,transformation,transformation>>
 |   |   |   +- SequenceWrapper<AndNoTrampoline:<add>>
 |   |   |   |   +- SequenceWrapper<DepthNoTrampoline:<add>>
 |   |   |   |   |   +- start 1
 |   |   |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |   |   +- rest SequenceWrapper<AndNoTrampoline:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |   |   `- '\\.'
 |   |   |   |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<empty_adapter,transformation>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       `- '[0-9A-Za-z](?:(?:[0-9A-Za-z]|\\-)*[0-9A-Za-z])?'
 |   |   |   |   |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<empty_adapter,transformation>>
 |   |   |   |   |       `- '[0-9A-Za-z](?:(?:[0-9A-Za-z]|\\-)*[0-9A-Za-z])?'
 |   |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |       `- '.'
 |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<empty_adapter,transformation,transformation>>
 |   |   |       `- '[0-9A-Za-z](?:(?:[0-9A-Za-z]|\\-)*[0-9A-Za-z])?'
 |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<>>
 |   |       `- '(?::[0-9](?:[0-9])*)?(?:/(?:(?:%[0-9A-Fa-f][0-9A-Fa-f]|[!-"\\$&-\\.0-:=@-~])(?:%[0-9A-Fa-f][0-9A-Fa-f]|[!-"\\$&-\\.0-:=@-~])*(?:/(?:%[0-9A-Fa-f][0-9A-Fa-f]|[!-"\\$&-\\.0-:=@-~])(?:%[0-9A-Fa-f][0-9A-Fa-f]|[!-"\\$&-\\.0-:=@-~])*)*(?:/)?)?(?:\\?(?:%[0-9A-Fa-f][0-9A-Fa-f]|[!-"\\$&-:=@-~])(?:%[0-9A-Fa-f][0-9A-Fa-f]|[!-"\\$&-:=@-~])*)?(?:#(?:%[0-9A-Fa-f][0-9A-Fa-f]|[!-"\\$&-:=@-~])(?:%[0-9A-Fa-f][0-9A-Fa-f]|[!-"\\$&-:=@-~])*)?)?'
 |   `- FunctionWrapper<Eof:<>>
 `- True

And here's the parser as naively constructed from the initial Python code:

TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 +- Transform:<add>
 |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |   |   `- 'http://'
 |   |   |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<transformation>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       +- Transform:<transformation>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   +- start 1
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   `- '\\.'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<transformation>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |       +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |       |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |       `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |           `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |       `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   |       `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |       +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |       |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |       `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |           `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |       `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<transformation>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   `- first Transform:<transformation>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |       +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |       |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |       `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |           `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |       `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   |       `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |       +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |       |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |       `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   |           `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           |       `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<transformation>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       `- '.'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- Transform:<transformation>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       +- Transform:<transformation>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |       `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |   +- start 0
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |   |   |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |   |       `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |       +- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |       |   `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |       `- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   |           `- '-'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           |       `- 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<transformation>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<transformation>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<transformation>)
 |   |   |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<transformation>)
 |   |   |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |       +- start 0
 |   |   |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |   |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- ':'
 |   |   |   |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |       |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |   |   |       |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789'
 |   |   |   |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789'
 |   |   |   |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |   |   |           |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |   |   |           |   |   `- ':'
 |   |   |   |           |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |   |   |           |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |   |   |           |       |   +- start 1
 |   |   |   |           |       |   +- stop None
 |   |   |   |           |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |           |       |   |   `- '0123456789'
 |   |   |   |           |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |   |   |           |       |       `- '0123456789'
 |   |   |   |           |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       +- start 0
 |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |   `- '/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       +- start 0
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   `- '/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- start 0
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- rest FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   `- '/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |       `- first FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   |           `- '/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |   |   `- '/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |       +- start 0
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |       +- stop 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |       +- rest FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |       |   `- '/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |       `- first FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           |           `- '/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       +- start 0
 |   |       |   |   |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- '?'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |   |   `- '?'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |       |   |   |   |           |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |       +- start 0
 |   |       |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |       |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |   |   `- '#'
 |   |       |   |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |       |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |       |   |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |   |   `- '#'
 |   |       |   |           |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |           |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   +- start 1
 |   |       |   |           |       |   +- stop None
 |   |       |   |           |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |       |   |           |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |           |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |           |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |       |   |           |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |       |   |           |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |   |   `- '/'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       +- start 0
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- start 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   `- '/'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- start 0
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |       +- rest FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |       |   `- '/'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |       `- first FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   |           `- '/'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   +- start 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   +- stop None
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Regexp:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |   |   `- '/'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |   `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |       +- start 0
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |       +- stop 1
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |       +- rest FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |       |   `- '/'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |       `- first FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           |           `- '/'
 |   |           |   |   |   |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       +- start 0
 |   |           |   |   |       +- stop 1
 |   |           |   |   |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |   |   `- '?'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |           |   |   |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |   |   `- '?'
 |   |           |   |   |           |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   +- start 1
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   +- stop None
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |   |   |           |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |           |   |   |           |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |   `- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |       +- start 0
 |   |           |       +- stop 1
 |   |           |       +- rest Transform:<add>
 |   |           |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |   |   `- '#'
 |   |           |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   +- start 1
 |   |           |       |   |       |   +- stop None
 |   |           |       |   |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |           |       |   |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |       |   |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |       |   |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |       |   |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |           |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |       `- first Transform:<add>
 |   |           |           +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |           |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |           |   |   `- '#'
 |   |           |           |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |           |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |   +- start 1
 |   |           |           |       |   +- stop None
 |   |           |           |       |   +- rest TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |   |   +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |           |       |   |   |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |           |       |   |   `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |   |       `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |           |           |       |   `- first TrampolineWrapper<Or:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |       +- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |           |       |       |   +- TrampolineWrapper<And:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |   +- FunctionWrapper<Literal:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |   |   `- '%'
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |   `- Transform:<add>
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |       +- TrampolineWrapper<DepthFirst:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |       |   +- start 2
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |       |   +- stop 2
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |       |   +- rest FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |       |   |   `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |       |   `- first FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |       |       `- '0123456789abcdefABCDEF'
 |   |           |           |       |       |   |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |           |       |       |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |           |       |       `- FunctionWrapper<Any:<>>
 |   |           |           |       |           `- '"$&(*,.02468:@BDFHJLNPRTVXZ\\^`bdfhjlnprtvxz|~!\')+-13579=ACEGIKMOQSUWY[]_acegikmoqsuwy{}/'
 |   |           |           |       `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   |           `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 |   `- TransformationWrapper(<add>)
 `- FunctionWrapper<Eof:<>>

Plus Memoisation

From: andrew cooke <andrew@...>

Date: Sat, 1 May 2010 17:22:51 -0400

And (of course) with memoisation and repeated similar request, it's even
faster: 0.05s.

Andrew

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