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© 2006-2013 Andrew Cooke (site) / post authors (content).

Listing Colours For Dark Backgrounds

From: andrew cooke <andrew@...>

Date: Wed, 22 Jun 2011 19:19:20 -0400

On Unix (bash shell, at least), the colours displayed when you type "ls" can
be defined in a file called .dir_colors

When you have a dark background to your terminal the default colours are not
that readable (in particular, blue is hard to see - this is because your
eyes/brain are not very sensitive to that colour).

I use the following file, which uses red for directories.  It takes some
getting used to after the standard scheme, but works much better in the long
term.  I'm posting it here because I manager to lose an earlier version when
updating OSes.

Credits: file based on whatever was in OpenSuse, I would guess.

Andrew


# Configuration file for the color ls utility
#
# This file goes in the /etc directory, and must be world readable.
# You can copy this file to .dir_colors in your $HOME directory to override
# the system defaults.

# COLOR needs one of these arguments: 'tty' colorizes output to ttys, but not
# pipes. 'all' adds color characters to all output. 'none' shuts colorization
# off.
COLOR tty

# Extra command line options for ls go here.
# Basically these ones are:
#  -F = show '/' for dirs, '*' for executables, etc.
#  -T 0 = don't trust tab spacing when formatting ls output.
OPTIONS -F -T 0

# Below, there should be one TERM entry for each termtype that is colorizable
TERM linux
TERM linux-c
TERM console
TERM con132x25
TERM con132x30
TERM con132x43
TERM con132x60
TERM con80x25
TERM con80x28
TERM con80x30
TERM con80x43
TERM con80x50
TERM con80x60
TERM gnome
TERM mach-color
TERM rxvt
TERM rxvt-unicode
TERM screen
TERM screen-w
TERM screen-256color
TERM vt100
TERM vt102
TERM xterm
TERM xterm-debian
TERM xterm-256color
TERM iterm

# EIGHTBIT, followed by '1' for on, '0' for off. (8-bit output)
EIGHTBIT 1

# Below are the color init strings for the basic file types. A color init
# string consists of one or more of the following numeric codes:
#
# Attribute codes:
# 00=none 01=bold 04=underscore 05=blink 07=reverse 08=concealed
# Text color codes:
# 30=black 31=red 32=green 33=yellow 34=blue 35=magenta 36=cyan 37=white
# Background color codes:
# 40=black 41=red 42=green 43=yellow 44=blue 45=magenta 46=cyan 47=white

NORMAL 00
FILE   01;37    # normal file
DIR    01;31    # directory
LINK   01;33    # symbolic link
FIFO   00;33    # pipe
SOCK   00;33    # socket
DOOR   00;33    # door
BLK    00;33    # block device driver
CHR    00;33    # character device driver
ORPHAN 07;33    # symlink to nonexistent file

# This is for files with execute permission:
EXEC   01;32

# List any file extensions like '.gz' or '.tar' that you would like ls
# to colorize below. Put the extension, a space, and the color init string.
# (and any comments you want to add after a '#')

# executables (bright green)
#.cmd  00;32
#.exe  00;32
#.com  00;32
#.bat  00;32
#.btm  00;32
.dll  00;32

# archives or compressed
.tar  00;31
.tbz  00;31
.tgz  00;31
.rpm  00;31
.deb  00;31
.arj  00;31
.taz  00;31
.lzh  00;31
.lzma 00;31
.zip  00;31
.zoo  00;31
.z    00;31
.Z    00;31
.gz   00;31
.bz2  00;31
.tb2  00;31
.tz2  00;31
.tbz2 00;31
.xz   00;31

# image formats
.avi  01;35
.bmp  01;35
.fli  01;35
.gif  01;35
.jpg  01;35
.jpeg 01;35
.mng  01;35
.mov  01;35
.mpg  01;35
.pcx  01;35
.pbm  01;35
.pgm  01;35
.png  01;35
.ppm  01;35
.tga  01;35
.tif  01;35
.xbm  01;35
.xpm  01;35
.dl   01;35
.gl   01;35
.wmv  01;35

# sound formats
.aiff 01;35
.au   01;35
.mid  01;35
.mp3  01;35
.ogg  01;35
.voc  01;35
.wav  01;35

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